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Title Deed in Turkey (Tapu)
The title deed is defined as a document that regulates the right to a relevant property and proves the ownership of the property for the person specified in the document.
This document gives general information of the Property;
In Turkey, only General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre (Tapu ve Kadastro Genel Müdürlüğü-TKGM) are authorised to regulate and to register for title deed and its archives. Just like every person in Turkey, you have the right of inheritance. Men and women have equal rights of inheritance. In our country, the rights of the inheritors are protected on the real estates acquired by the foreigners. With increasing interests for buying and investing to a property in Turkey, investors and property buyers started to wonder about the meaning of “Tapu”. ‘Tapu’ as written in Turkish refers to ‘Title Deed’ in English.
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Types of title deeds in Turkey
In Turkey, there are several different types of real estate.
According to the property, two main types of title deeds are used very extensively; these are land ownership deed which is blue and easement ownership deed which is red.
What about the procedures of registration?
The owner of the real estate or authorized representative of the owner may visit the Land Registry Directorate with the necessary documents and may apply. Moreover, foreigners, can make an appointment from the Alo 181 center or online using e-appointment services. Your real estate company can support you to apply to the Land Registy Directorate.
From the application until the end of the transaction, the person or authorized representative of the transaction shall be notified via SMS through the declared phone number.
(https://randevu.tkgm.gov.tr/) and WEBTAPU (webtapu.tkgm.gov.tr).
Which documents are necessray for the registration of the real estate?
The real estate valuation report by SPK
Valuation report is required both to protect the foreign investor so that the foreigners, who purchase real estates in Turkey, know the actual value of the real estates that they purchase, and to create a value map for real estates at the General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre.
What is the cost of Title Deed Transactions in Turkey?
When the title deed fees are calculated in Turkey, there is no difference between Turkish or foreign citizens.
In Turkey, the value of title deed fees are defined by actual laws and regulations: 20 per thousand from the buyer and 20 per thousand from the seller of the property.
For example, if you sold or bought any property of 100.000 TL:
Total cost of the title deed fee will be 4,000 TL by the seller and the buyer combined.
In addition, seller and buyer must pay circulating capital to the Land Registry Office for each sale. Amount of circulating capital is determined at the beginning of each year.
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The Land Registry In Turkey
Land registery in Turkey, is the State’s Registries kept under inspection, supervision and strict liability. The Turkish Republic State is responsible for any losses arising out of the land registry maintained under Article 1007 of the Turkish Civil Law. Undert Article 1007 of the Turkish Civil Law, the State is responsible for any losses arising out of the land registry maintained. There is no difference beween the Turkish citizens and foreigners in terms of the processes for land registry and cadstre procedures.
In our Country, Land registry procedures such as sale, grant, transfer by inheritance, and mortgage take place through land registry directorates only. In Turkey, real estate ownership can be assigned in the land registry office and registration by an official deed to be signed.
It is also possible to sign an “agreement for the promise of sale” in the notary. However, an “agreement for the promise of sale” signed in the notary or any contract of sale issued outside, will only constitute a preliminary agreement that entitles only the sale of the real estate. It is not possible to register a real estate ownership by an “agreement for the promise of sale”.
For land registry procedure requests; sellers and buyers or their representatives with a Power of Attorney by notary can apply to the Land Registry Directorate of the place where the real estate is located.
It is also possible to apply to any Land Registry Directorate in Turkey or the Land Registry and Cadastre Representation Offices abroad.
Condominium and Easement Title Deed in Turkey (Red Colour)
Plots of lands positioned according to confirmed local city plans are structured with existing city plans. For Example, If it is permitted as villas or apartments etc. the minimum construction size will be determined by local municipalities. Architectural Plans are made up of independent sections and each independent sections means easement.
Plots of Lands and Agricultural Lands Title Deed (Blue Colour)
Plots of lands and agricultural lands are indicated by blue colored title deeds. These properties are registered as empty plots. There are different kinds of properties such as lands, plots. The property will comply with the Laws and Regulations according to location of property to be located in city plans, agricultural or any other governmental plan areas and according to this features.