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Title Deed in Turkey (Tapu)

Title Deed in Turkey (Tapu)

The title deed is defined as a document that regulates the right to a relevant property and proves the ownership of the property for the person specified in the document.

This document gives general information of the Property;

  • Owners of the property (private, shareholders). The Property could be owned by more than one person.
  • Where it is located (City, Province, Cadastral Parcel), *
  • Which type of property it is (Land, easement, condominium)
  • Size of the property (size of land, share of easements)
  • Value of the Property (Official value in Turkish Lira)

In Turkey, only General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre (Tapu ve Kadastro Genel Müdürlüğü-TKGM) are authorised to regulate and to register for title deed and its archives. Just like every person in Turkey, you have the right of inheritance. Men and women have equal rights of inheritance. In our country, the rights of the inheritors are protected on the real estates acquired by the foreigners.  With increasing interests for buying and investing to a property in Turkey, investors and property buyers started to wonder about the meaning of “Tapu”. ‘Tapu’ as written in Turkish refers to ‘Title Deed’ in English.

Ask more questions about the title deed.

  • What does Tapu in Turkish translate to or mean in English?
  • How are title deed defined in Turkey?
  • What types of title deeds are there in Turkey?
  • What does property easement ownership mean?
  • What colour should the property easement (condominium) be in the title deed?
  • What does land ownership title deed mean?
  • What colour should the Lland ownership deed be in?
  • Can more than one natural person be registered in the same title deed?
  • Where and how will property buyers or investors keep records of their names?
  • What about the procedures of registration?
  • Which documents are necessary for registy of real estate?
  • What is the cost of title deed transactions in Turkey?


Types of title deeds in Turkey

In Turkey, there are several different types of real estate.

According to the property, two main types of title deeds are used very extensively; these are land ownership deed which is blue and easement ownership deed which is red.

 

What about the procedures of registration?

The owner of the real estate or authorized representative of the owner may visit the Land Registry Directorate with the necessary documents and may apply. Moreover, foreigners, can make an appointment from the Alo 181 center or online using e-appointment services. Your real estate company can support you to apply to the Land Registy Directorate.

  • In Turkey, land registry procedures only takes place at the Land Registry Directorates.
  • Procedures performed in the Land Registry Directorates are received through the information and application units in the directorates and these units provide the necessary information.
  • Credit should not be given to unauthorized people who promise to accelerate the procedures before the Land Registry Directorates.

From the application until the end of the transaction, the person or authorized representative of the transaction shall be notified via SMS through the declared phone number.
(https://randevu.tkgm.gov.tr/) and WEBTAPU (webtapu.tkgm.gov.tr). 

Which documents are necessray for the registration of the real estate?

  • Title deed copy of the real estate
  • If directly in personal; identity document or passport
  • If through representatives; by a power of attorney issued before a notary.
  • Tax ID number in Turkey
  • Real estate valuation report
  • Statement of Identity Information form
  • “Real Estate Current Market Value” issued by the relevant municipality
  • Compulsory earthquake insurance policy for buildings
  • One photo of the seller and two photos of the purchaser
  • If the procedure takes place using a power of attorney issued abroad, the original or certified copy of the power of attorney along with the translation is obligatory.
  • Sworn interpreter if there any party that does not speak Turkish.

The real estate valuation report by SPK

Valuation report is required both to protect the foreign investor so that the foreigners, who purchase real estates in Turkey, know the actual value of the real estates that they purchase, and to create a value map for real estates at the General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre.

What is the cost of Title Deed Transactions in Turkey?

When the title deed fees are calculated in Turkey, there is no difference between Turkish or foreign citizens.

In Turkey, the value of title deed fees are defined by actual laws and regulations: 20 per thousand from the buyer and 20 per thousand from the seller of the property.

For example, if you sold or bought any property of 100.000 TL:

  • As a buyer, you will have to pay 20 per thousand of this value, which is equal to 2.000 TL,
  • As a seller, you will have to pay 20 per thousand of this value, which is equal to 2.000 TL,

Total cost of the title deed fee will be 4,000 TL by the seller and the buyer combined.

In addition, seller and buyer must pay circulating capital to the Land Registry Office for each sale. Amount of circulating capital is determined at the beginning of each year.

For more detailed information, please contact us.

The Land Registry In Turkey

Land registery in Turkey, is the State’s Registries kept under inspection, supervision and strict liability. The Turkish Republic State is responsible for any losses arising out of the land registry maintained under Article 1007 of the Turkish Civil Law.  Undert Article 1007 of the Turkish Civil Law, the State is responsible for any losses arising out of the land registry maintained.  There is no difference beween the Turkish citizens and foreigners in terms of the processes for land registry and cadstre procedures.

In our Country, Land registry procedures such as sale, grant, transfer by inheritance, and mortgage take place through land registry directorates only. In Turkey, real estate ownership can be assigned in the land registry office and registration by an official deed to be signed.


It is also possible to sign an “agreement for the promise of sale” in the notary. However, an “agreement for the promise of sale” signed in the notary or any contract of sale issued outside, will only constitute a preliminary agreement that entitles only the sale of the real estate. It is not possible to register a real estate ownership by an “agreement for the promise of sale”.

For land registry procedure requests; sellers and buyers or their representatives with a Power of Attorney by notary can apply to the Land Registry Directorate of the place where the real estate is located.

It is also possible to apply to any Land Registry Directorate in Turkey or the Land Registry and Cadastre Representation Offices abroad.

Condominium and Easement Title Deed in Turkey (Red Colour)

Plots of lands positioned according to confirmed local city plans are structured with existing city plans. For Example, If it is permitted as villas or apartments etc. the minimum construction size will be determined by local municipalities. Architectural Plans are made up of independent sections and each independent sections means easement.

 

  • The location of the apartment in detail
  • The cadastral number of the plot or land
  • Value of the property in Turkish Lira
  • The type/stage of The property: easement or condominium
  • Total size of the plot
  • The building’s plot sqm share
  • Building number of the property
  • Floor number of the bulding
  • Names of the property owners
  • Shares of the property owners
  • The registry information of the property

Plots of Lands and Agricultural Lands Title Deed (Blue Colour)

Plots of lands and agricultural lands are indicated by blue colored title deeds. These properties are registered as empty plots. There are different kinds of properties such as lands, plots. The property will comply with the Laws and Regulations according to location of property to be located in city plans, agricultural or any other governmental plan areas and according to this features.

 

  • The location of the Land in detail
  • The cadastral number of the plot or Land
  • Value of the property in Turkish Liras
  • The type of the property: land, agricultural field, plot etc.
  • Total size of the land, plot etc.
  • Names of the property owners
  • Shares of the property owners
  • The registry information of the property

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